Climate Monitoring

Climate Monitoring is the study of change in climate and develops data by interpreting the variations in the climate. This study is performed by evaluating various factors like measurement of atmospheric surface, marine surface both national and global scales. These days climate monitoring has become an evolved subject to work on more importantly for the developing nations. This study reveals the outcomes of the coming changes in the climate which allows the people to cope up and develop an adaptation for easy living like securing food, implementing new ideas for food production, reducing the loss of infrastructure etc., in the bothering climates. The climate monitoring is usually done by the satellite observations, data analysed by the scientists by observing the changes that occur in the climate. Depending on the accuracy of the data gathered the predictions in the climate change can be done at all stages like regional, national and global climatic changesClimate system is observed in a systematic way by the national meteorological centers and other authorised centers by analysing the atmosphere, oceans and terrestrial bodies and recording the changes at required time intervals in respective regions. These national meteorological centre form a framework with the global centre and provide reports consistently, where the report are analysed more precisely with perfect units and variables of measurements. The World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) plays an important role in this aspect. All the other National Meteorological and Hydrometeorological Systems of 189 states and territories form network with the World Meteorological OrganisationWMO analyses the data gathered more effectively and act accordingly to take necessary initiatives to overcome the upcoming risks. In the year 1992 Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) was initiated by WMO to monitor that the data on climate change was recorded and gathered regularly and was also sent to all the required authority centers without delay. This step was co-sponsored by the WMO, Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNSECO, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the International Council for Science (ICSU). The main motive of GCOS was to monitor every little change in the climate that occurred in any part of the planet with respect to atmosphere, land, oceans and cryospheric changes.